European Society for Vascular Surgery

EJVES: April 2021 issue highlights

by | Apr 15, 2021 | News

The April 2021 issue is online and opens with a new and exciting Editorial series: our Global Tour D’Horizon. As a global journal, we are interested to get more insight into the various approaches to vascular care around the globe. Therefore, we have invited many national leaders to describe the main challenges in vascular care together with established solutions from a regional perspective.

George and PC Gupta start off this Editorial series with Vascular Surgery in India – the Challenge and the Promise (read for free). There are many more to come in the coming months.

The second Editorial, by Kitrou et al., appraises New Evidence about Drug Coated Balloons for Dysfunctional Vascular Access which has recently been published in the NEJM. As our authors belong to the pioneers of drug eluting technology in vascular access salvage surgery, they are in a perfect position to put these new findings into perspective (read for free).

The first Editor’s choice paper, by Wang et al., investigates the Mid Term Outcomes of Crossed Limb vs. Standard Limb Configuration in EVAR. Using a propensity score matched comparison, they confirmed that, overall, clinical outcomes of crossed limbs were very similar (with a possible advantage in large aneurysms and tortuous iliacs, but a disadvantage in angulated necks, read for free).

Comes with an invited commentary by J.C. van den Berg.

The second Editor’s choice paper, by Gwilym et al., provides a Systematic Review of Wound Adjuncts to Prevent Groin Wound Surgical Site Infection. It seems that only prophylactic closed incision negative pressure wound therapy and subcuticular sutures are effective in preventing groin wound infections (read for free).

Comes with an invited commentary by A. Gombert et al.

The last Editor’s choice paper, by Kim et al., describes the Development and Validation of NZRISK-VASC – a Novel Score from New Zealand to Predict Peri-operative Mortality in Vascular Surgery. This risk calculator (using 10 covariables) is simple and provides good discrimination, but will need external validation and recalibration before widespread use (read for free).

In addition, the April issue features one EJVES Open Access paper: Shen et al. investigated the In Stent Restenosis Process and the Associated Interactions between Matrix Metalloproteinases and Collagen. At least in minipigs, restenosis seems driven by a dysbalance between collagen synthesis and degradation, which could offer a potential target for advanced drug interventions (read for free).

Comes with an invited commentary by A. Gombert.

We hope you enjoy the upcoming springtime and this new edition of our Journal. We think it offers a very interesting read including some new perspectives on global vascular care.

Florian Dick, Editor in chief

Martin Björck, Senior Editor

If you are a subscriber to the EJVES and have stored your access credentials to your computer or mobile device, you can access the whole issue here or individual papers via the links below. If you normally access the journal via the journal link in the ESVS members’ area, please go to the ESVS site via this link.

(If you are a subscriber but have no electronic access installed, you can find help here to set your computer or mobile device up.)


Further ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS of the April 2021 issue include:
«Five Year Results of Off the Shelf Fenestrated Endografts for Elective and Emergency Repair of Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm» by Sveinsson et al. (link)

  • Placement safe and effective, but long term outcomes, while acceptable, still inferior to tailored devices (23 selected patients prospectively followed)
  • Comes with an invited commentary by B.M.E. Mees.

«The PROTAGORAS 2.0 Study to Identify Sizing and Planning Predictors for Optimal Outcomes in Abdominal Chimney Endovascular Procedures» by Fazzini et al. (link)

  • 30-40% stent graft oversizing recommended for the Endurant/Advanta V12 chimney combination (unplanned observation of 73 patients from a single centre)

«Wearable Activity Monitors in Home Based Exercise Therapy for Patients with Intermittent Claudication: A Systematic Review» by Chan et al. (link)

  • Potential alternative to supervised exercise training, but studies are very heterogeneous (9 studies included)

CAROTID AND SUPRA-AORTIC ARTERIES
«Increased Internal Carotid Artery Tortuosity is a Risk Factor for Spontaneous Cervicocerebral Artery Dissection» by Zhang et al. (link)

  • Both, extracranial and siphon tortuosity of carotid artery, seem to correlate with risk of dissection (66 matched case-control pairs compared)

AORTA AND MAJOR BRANCHES
«Comprehensive Review of Physician Modified Aortic Stent Grafts: Technical and Clinical Outcomes» by Canonge et al. (link)

  • Physician-modified stent grafts may be useful when no validated solution is available, but clinical consequences of their non-standardised modifications need to be monitored (711 patients included)
  • Comes with an invited commentary by A. Gombert

«Management of Type IA Endoleak After EVAR by Explantation or Custom Made Fenestrated Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair» by Doumenc et al. (link)

  • Both similar in terms of repeat interventions, early mortality and 1 year survival (unplanned observation of 59 patients from a single centre)

«Endovascular Treatment of Chronic and Acute on Chronic Mesenteric Ischaemia: Results From a National Cohort of 245 Cases» by Altintas et al. (link)

  • Sustained treatment success in those with chronic symptoms, whereas those with acute deterioration face a worse prognosis (population based data)

PERIPHERAL ARTERIES
«Does the Introduction of a Vascular Limb Salvage Service Improve One Year Amputation Outcomes for Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischaemia?» by Nickinson et al. (link)

  • Yes! Structured limb salvage services save limbs from CLTI – at least in an UK health care environment (566 patients prospectively followed)

«An Assessment of Available Information on the World Wide Web for Patients with Lower Limb Arterial Disease» by Dar et al. (link)

  • Overall educational quality of online contents in the web clearly inadequate: a new field of responsibility for physicians (76 selected websites and 22 YouTube videos analysed)

VEINS
«COVID-19 Infection in Critically Ill Patients Carries a High Risk of Venous Thrombo-embolism» by Bellmunt-Montoya et al. (link)

  • Recurrent problem under prophylactic anticoagulation: increased doses may be indicated, particularly in those at low risk of bleeding (230 ICU patients followed)
  • Comes with an invited commentary by Goldschmidt et al.

MISCELLANEOUS
«Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Individuals with Vascular Surgical Pathology: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis» by Houghton et al. (link)

  • Alarmingly high prevalence in vascular patients correlating with risk of postoperative delirium: screening before elective vascular surgery recommended (over 2 500 patients included)
  • Comes with an invited commentary by Shan

«Regional Survey in Lombardy, Northern Italy, on Vascular Surgery Intervention Outcomes During The COVID-19 Pandemic» by Bellosta et al. (link)

  • COVID infection clearly associated with complications including occlusion of peripheral revascularisations and in hospital mortality (659 vascular patients followed)
  • Comes with an invited commentary by Prendes et al.

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